If we are not concerned with our ecosystem and its biodiversity, we will suffer from the loss of biodiversity. When we suffer from the loss of biodiversity, we are facing issues on our own survival.
The direct effect of the loss of biodiversity to humans
The effect of the loss of biodiversity leads to problems in the ecosystem where we source out our food and therefore the immediate concern is for food security. This is the direct impact that we have to suffer if we do not contribute to the conservation of our ecosystem. World food production will not be possible without the biodiversity in the ecosystem to maintain the productivity of soil and to provide the genetic resources for the crops, livestock and even marine species we utilize for food. The intake of the variety of food from diverse sources is fundamental for the body to function. The destruction of the watershed and deforestation leads to the decreased quality of the potable water.
The indirect effect of the loss of biodiversity to humans
Indirect effect involves changes in ecosystem services that affects livelihoods, income, and local migration. When the ecosystem in the oceans has destroyed the loss of income will be experienced by those who depend on these resources. It will no longer matter if the destruction was caused by the destruction of the fishing grounds by human activity or by pollution since the loss of income and livelihood will be staggering.
Unpredictable weather can also be attributed to the loss of biodiversity and the pressures on the ecosystem. This will lead to extreme weather consisting and changes. This, in turn, many cause disasters like drought, flood, and tsunami. This will then be devastating a large number of the population.
Destruction of the coastal ecosystem like the coral reefs and the mangroves which will then make us vulnerable to the extreme weather systems. Coral reefs and mangroves provide effective protection against flood and storms. The loss of these natural resources will make the communities vulnerable to the natural disaster. The forest and forest covers provide shelter and home to hundreds of plants and animals. Destruction of the forest will also mean the destruction of these living things.
The impact on health will also be immense like in the aspect of pharmacology where the majority of our drugs are derived from the microorganisms and plants. Destroy the ecosystem and we will no longer have raw materials to develop drugs to combat diseases and other conditions.
There is also a concern on the spread of the diseases. When animals lose their habitat liken deforestation, they will probably occupy spaces commonly habited by humans and this can increase the spread of diseases through contact.
It’s hard measuring biodiversity simply because of how vast the Earth is. There are hundreds of rainforests and each rainforests consists of thousands of species of plants and animals that is a different species on their own. But with dedication, you’ll be able to find a pattern that can be easy for you and other people.
A common way to measure biodiversity is to count the total number of species living within a particular area. Tropical regions, areas that are warm year-round, have the most biodiversity. Temperate regions, which have warm summers and cold winters, have less biodiversity. Regions with cold or dry conditions, such as mountaintops and deserts, have even less.
Importance of Biodiversity to Humans
Biodiversity is important to people in many ways. Plants, for instance, help humans by giving off oxygen. They also provide food, shade, construction material, medicines, and fibre for clothing and paper. The root system of plants helps prevent flooding. Plants, fungi, and animals such as worms keep soil fertile and water clean. As biodiversity decreases, these systems break down.
Biodiversity and Medicines
Biodiversity is especially important to the medical and pharmaceutical industries. Scientists have discovered many chemicals in rain forest plants that are now used in helpful drugs. One of the most popular and safe pain relievers, aspirin, was originally made from the bark of willow trees. Medicines that treat some forms of cancer have been made from the rosy periwinkle, a flower that grows on the African island of Madagascar. Scientists have studied only a small percentage of rain forest species in their search for cures. But every year, thousands of species go extinct, or die out entirely, before scientists can determine whether they might be useful in medicines.
All species are interconnected
They depend on one another. Forests provide homes for animals. Animals eat plants. The plants need healthy soil to grow. Fungi help decompose organisms to fertilize the soil. Bees and other insects carry pollen from one plant to another, which enables the plants to reproduce. With less biodiversity, these connections weaken and sometimes break, harming all the species in the ecosystem.
In order for most people to know how biodiversity affects everything, they should be taught from a young but understanding age that it is relevant that all species should be understood and studied so that by learning, you can find out how one species positively affect the way of life of that ecosystem.